Orkney's World Heritage Site was inscribed by UNESCO in 1999 and it welcomes visitors from around the world to its main attractions – the Ness of Brodgar, the Ring of Brodgar, Skara Brae, the Standing Stones of Stenness and Maeshowe.
Where else could you experience thousands of years of history in such a small space, along with the stunning scenery you’d expect from Scotland’s islands?
There is so much to see in the Heart of Neolithic Orkney, but we thought we’d concentrate on some of the area’s secrets. Here are our favourite 'lesser-known' reasons why we think a visit should be on your bucket list.
A tour inside the Neolithic tomb of Maeshowe is an absolute must when you’re in Orkney. Crawl through the low entrance tunnel into the beautiful central chamber and be amazed at the intricate building work. But pay close attention to certain stones and you’ll see runic inscriptions, scrawled onto the walls by Viking warriors after breaking into the cairn hundreds of years ago. There are also examples of graffiti, including one of our favourites - ‘Haermund Hardaxe carved these runes’ – the Viking equivalent of ‘Haermund was here’! You’ll also see the Maeshowe Dragon carving, one of the most important symbols of Orkney’s history and heritage.
Find out how you can visit Maeshowe
Plan your visit to Maeshowe by checking out our listing, with information on opening times, tour times and booking.
It’s hard to keep your eyes off the stone circles and archaeologists in action when you’re in the Heart of Neolithic Orkney. Take a look around you though and you’ll see plenty of natural attractions too. The Brodgar peninsula is a haven for wildlife, with swans in the lochs, skylarks and migrating birds across the area and even the chance of an otter sighting as well. The RSPB’s Brodgar Nature Reserve features beautiful wildflowers and insects, or you could take a walk along the Bay of Skaill at Skara Brae and see seals bobbing about in the clean, clear blue water.
The one question that always gets asked at our World Heritage Site attractions is, ‘why were they built?’ There are no straight answers. Was the Ring of Brodgar linked to astronomy and the passage of the moon? Was there a direct link between the positioning of the Standing Stones of Stenness and Maeshowe? Why did the people of Skara Brae leave their village? Where did the inhabitants of the Ness of Brodgar go? It’s frustrating to some that we’ll never fully know the answers to these questions, but for us that’s part of the beauty of our World Heritage Site. The secrets will stay that way, and it’s up to you to make your own mind up.
Dig deeper into Orkney's history
Explore the excellent Orkneyjar website for more information and theories about Orkney's ancient sites.
A tour is defintely the best way to get inside knowledge about our World Heritage Site. You can join the Historic Environment Scotland Rangers for tours of the Ring of Brodgar and the Standing Stones of Stenness all year round, and you can also get a closer look at the amazing excavations at the Ness of Brodgar during the summer too. Join the experts and uncover some of the stories of these fascinating Neolithic sites.
Visit the Ness of Brodgar
Find out how you can visit the Ness of Brodgar to see archaeologists in action.
It’s hard to describe a 19-foot-high monolith as a secret, but the Watch Stone which stands guard over the entrance to the Brodgar peninsula can often be overlooked in the rush to explore the Neolithic attractions that lie beyond it. The huge slab of stone stands at the point where the road narrows into a causeway and the lochs of Stenness and Harray meet. It could have been part of a long ago disappeared stone circle, or perhaps a ceremonial route between the stone circles of the Ring of Brodgar and the Standing Stones of Stenness. Whatever its past, it’s a great spot to stop for a photo before you continue your journey into the Heart of Neolithic Orkney.
Find out more about the Watch Stone
Visit the Canmore website to read more about the history of the Watch Stone.
If you're inspired to visit Orkney to see these sites for yourself, plan your trip and search for accommodation via our website. You can also view and download our special World Heritage Orkney itinerary to help you find your way through the ancient Orkney landscape.
The Digital Media Orkney project has been part financed by the Scottish Government and the European Community Orkney LEADER 2014-2020 Programme.