Orkney became part of Scotland in 1468. For about 500 years before it had been ruled by Norse Earls, whose influence stretched as far as Ireland and who travelled as far as the Holy Land. Their influence can be seen in Norse derived placenames, surnames and dialect. Their most visible monument is the 12th Century St. Magnus Cathedral.
On 17 May we celebrate Norwegian Constitution Day and at Christmas we light a Norwegian tree outside the Cathedral as part of a whole "Tree-Lighting" Ceremony.